Helath Effects of Eating Disorders
Nowadays, it is common to find people suffering from eating difficulties. Eating disorders can be described as illnesses characterized by irregular eating habits and severe distress or concern about body weight or shape. It is worth noting that eating difficulties can be harmful since they may involve inadequate or excessive food intake. In this article, we will take you through the types of eating disorders. The common types of eating disorders include Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder. Anyone, regardless of their age can develop eating disorders however, the signs of the conditions will appear during the teen years or young adulthood. The condition can be harmful when left untreated for long.
The following are some of the features that people suffering from anorexia nervosa will have, these include having an obsessive fear of gaining weight, refusal to maintain a healthy body weight and an unrealistic perception of body image. Furthermore, the patients will try all they can to control the foods they take, and they tend to view themselves as overweight, even when they are clearly underweight. It is recommended for patients suffering from anorexia to seek medical attention since the condition has adverse health effects, such as brain damage, multi-organ failure, bone loss, heart difficulties, infertility, and death.
The next eating disorder that you need to know about is Bulimia nervosa. The signs of bulimia nervosa include repeated binge eating followed by behaviors that compensate for the overeating, such as forced vomiting, excessive exercise, or extreme use of laxatives or diuretics. In addition, patients tend to fear weight gain and feel severely unhappy with their body size and shape. The effect of the condition is that it makes patients experience gastrointestinal problems, severe dehydration, and heart difficulties resulting from an electrolyte imbalance.
Another eating disorder is binge which is characterized by frequent loss of control of eating patterns. Unlike other eating disorder, this type of condition makes people have the urge of eating. Binge is linked to some negative health effects, some of which include intense feelings of guilt, distress, and embarrassment.
To have a clear understanding of eating disorders, you need to take a look at their causes. Several factors are responsible for creating eating disorders. Since there are many factors that cause eating disorders, the effects can be categorized into the following groups including biological, psychological, and/or environmental. The biological causes of eating disorders include nutritional deficiencies, irregular hormone functions, and genetics.
On the other hand, the psychological factors include poor self-esteem and negative body image. In addition to psychological and biological cases of eating disorders, the conditions can be caused by environmental factors such as family and childhood traumas, careers that promote being thin and weight loss, aesthetically oriented sports, among others.